The term “shin splints” refers to pain to the lower leg near or on the tibia (shin bone). Shin splints is a vague term for pain in the lower leg emanating from issue with: muscles, tendon, bone, nerve, and/or vascular structures. Shin splints are common in runners, dancers and military recruits.
Medically known as medial tibial stress syndrome, shin splints often occur in athletes who have recently intensified or changed their training routines. The increased activity overworks the muscles, tendons and bone tissue.
Shin splint symptoms usually present as tenderness, soreness or pain along the inner side of the shinbone and mild swelling to the lower leg. Initially, the pain might stop once exercising has ceased. Eventually, however, the pain can be continuous regardless of activity and if not treated properly, shin splints can progress into a serious and debilitating stress fracture.